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All you need to know about PCOS and the main causes

PCOS is one of the problems that affect women, and it occurs as a result of a hormonal problem that affects women during the reproductive years from the age of 15 to 44 years, where between 2.2 and 26.7 percent of women in this age group suffer from PCOS. The risk is that 70% of infected women have no symptoms.

According to a report published on the Healthline website, PCOS occurs in the ovaries, which are the reproductive organs that produce estrogen and progesterone, which are hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, and the ovaries also produce a small amount of male hormones called androgens.

The following lines address the most prominent questions about the causes and symptoms of PCOS.


1. Why does PCOS occur?

PCOS is a disorder caused by a hormonal imbalance that affects how a woman's ovaries work. Polycystic ovaries occur in the ovaries that contain many small follicles that have not matured to be ovulated.

2. How does PCOS affect women?

PCOS causes fertility problems in women and affects the reproductive process.

3. What are the main signs of PCOS?

Among the most prominent signs that reveal PCOS, changing menstrual cycles, irregular ovulation or no ovulation at all, decreased fertility and difficulty getting pregnant, facial or body hair growth, oily skin, acne, and hair loss from the scalp (alopecia) In addition to weight problems or rapid weight gain, difficulty losing weight, depression and mood changes.

4. How does PCOS affect the body's organs?

Affects the reproductive system, the metabolism system, the vascular system, the heart, the skin and the hair.

5. What are the factors that lead to PCOS?

Genetics play a role in PCOS, insulin resistance, a hormone produced by the pancreas to help the body use sugar from foods for energy, which leads to additional insulin to stimulate the ovaries to produce more male hormones, and obesity is a major cause of PCOS.

What is the treatment for PCOS?

A proper diet contributes to weight loss that relieves the symptoms associated with this condition, and you can also follow the crisis medications that work to achieve hormonal balance to relieve symptoms of the disease and adjust menstrual cycles, in addition to exercising that also helps you get fit and get rid of the fats that cause PCOS.